This is the first in a series of discussions on the techniques available for extracting numbers from an alphanumeric string. Since we often have many different solutions at our disposable for such tasks, I will attempt to present what I feel are the principal candidates and, for each of these set-ups, discuss the merits and potential drawbacks inherent in each.
In the next instalment in this series I shall look at extracting consecutive numbers which appear at the end of the string, e.g. ABC123. In later posts I will deal with cases in which the desired numbers to be extracted are interspersed within the string in groups of one or more, e.g. ABC12DE345-FG6H789, in which case we may be interested in extracting either the number 123456789 into a single cell or each of 12, 345, 6 and 789 into four separate cells.
I shall also consider in future posts cases in which there may be several numbers within a string, though from which we wish to extract perhaps only one (or more) of these numbers, and for which our choice of extraction is based upon one or more criteria. For example, given a string of the form X12-X34-X56-X78-X90 we may wish to develop a technique which extracts the number immediately preceding the fourth occurrence of a hyphen within that string.